In the 19th and 20th century, the world economy increased by 100 times due to the influence of technological advances and the world's population is now 7.2 billion, or 9 times the 800 million people who live in 1750. In the future world population expected to reach 9 billion in early 2040 and with growth of around 2% pa. The world economy will double approximately every two decades. This is good news but it also means a heavy burden on resources and environmental conditions exist. We are already experiencing the effects of climate change and the damage suffered on land and sea, all of which will affect the availability of food, water and human life.
Approach to sustainable development (sustainable development) will be key to the development of policies to meet the challenges ahead. Through this holistic approach, the tradeoff between policy options to spur growth with policies to reduce poverty or environmental damage can be reduced and even can be omitted to address the challenges faced by the world today.
Likewise, among others, delivered by respected economist Prof. Dr Jeffrey D. Sachs of the Earth Institute, Columbia University in the lecture (public lecture) held together by CSIS, RCCC (Research Center for Climate Change), University of Indonesia and SDSN (Sustainable Development Solutions Network) Indonesia, (Wednesday, 3/25) in Jakarta.
In a public lecture with the theme "The Age of Sustainable Development" - which is also a recent book-Sachs for 25 years of experience delivering more involved from a variety of programs to help people in various countries to get out of poverty and destitution. The basis of the book are also taught courses at Columbia and on line for free (already 40,000 that followed) with the subject "Sustainable Development".
Sachs who became special adviser to UN Secretary General Kofi Annan to the era since Ban Ki Moon has done a lot of breakthrough development issues towards the MDGs (UN Millennium Development Goals) in 2015, especially in terms of poverty alleviation (The End of Poverty). Over the past few years he has also been studying the issue of sustainable development in the context of post-MDG development of new targets in 2015, known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
According to Sachs, the development to reduce poverty and improve the indicators of quality of life through the MDGs have shown results. Many countries in various regions are able to reduce poverty. However, until the MDG program that will end in 2015 is, in some areas there is still a high poverty rate, an increase in income inequality and inclusive they are not development benefits (social exclusion), and the increasing crisis-related damage to the environment.